Muharram 2019 (1440 Hijri) has just begun! Based on the lunar Hijri calendar, Muharram is the first month of the Islamic New Year and is considered a holy month, second only to Ramadan in its significance. Muharram is also known as the month of Allah (SWT).
“The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa’ da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab…” (Bukhari 3197)
Muharram in its literal sense means “forbidden”. This year the event falls on 1st September and lasts until approximately 1st October. Muharram begins after the sighting of the new moon on the final day of the Islamic calendar. Salam Planet this year is stepping forward with you in this Islamic New Year journey.
Let’s get to know Muharram first:
Muharram – The Month of Allah SWT!
Allah (SWT) says in the Holy Quran; “Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein“. (Surah Al Tawbah)
The words of Allah (interpretation of the meaning): “so wrong not yourselves therein” in simple means; do not wrong yourselves in these sacred months, because doing so is a greater sin than at other times. And this is more like Bidah.
Also READ: What is Bidah in Islam
According to the authentic traditions, three are in succession Dhul-Qa’ da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab…” (Bukhari 3197)
The Significance of Muharram – Month of Allah (SWT)
To understand why Muharram is called the Month of Allah Swt, here is a short incident of the past that also determines the significance of Muharram;
Hafiz Ibn Katheer (Allah be pleased with him) has quoted the saying of Hadhrat Qatadah (Allah be pleased with him) in his famous Tafseer:
“Allah Most High has indeed distinguished some of His Creation from among man and Jinn, He has chosen Messengers. He has granted special virtue to His remembrance (Zikr) over all speech and talk. From the land, He has chosen the Masajid. He distinguished the Day of Jumu’ah (Friday) from amongst the days and Laitatul Qadr (the Night of Power) from amongst the nights. Therefore, respect what Allah Most High has honoured for verily to honour things due to the virtue which Allah Most High bestowed upon them is among the traits of the intelligent.” [Tafseer Ibn Khateer, vol 2 pg 369].
The Historic Events of Muharram
- Centuries ago, Hazrat Musa (a.s) performed a Miracle with the help of Allah, whereby, he was able to save his people from Pharaoh by dividing the sea into two halves that allowed his people to cross the path with safety. As a thanksgiving gesture, Jews would fast on the tenth day of Month i.e. Ashura.
- Also, on the Day of Ashura‘ the Arc of Prophet Noah landed safely on the Mount of Al-Judiyy in Iraq after the flood. It is also said that Qayamah would also occur on the tenth day of this Month.
- On the first day of the Month, the second Caliph Hazrat Umar (ra) arrived on the earth. Many Muslims around the world hold gatherings and events to send their blessings to the Caliph.
- Allah accepted the repentances of Prophet Adam and the people of Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) on the Day of Ashura, too. Besides, Prophet Abraham was born on that day.” (Tabarani)
- Prophet Younus (Jonah) got out of the belly of the fish. Moreover, Prophet’s Yaqub (Jacop)’s eyesight which was lost for many years, was restored.
- In the time of our Beloved Prophet (swt), Kaaba’s covering used to be renewed on the ashura day of every year.It was narrated from Hadrat Aisha:
“Ashura is the day which Kaaba is covered.” (Muslim, Abu Dawud)
Blessings of Muharram
There is no doubt that Muharram is the month of Allah SWT and we find in the Holy Quran: “The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year) – so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred; that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein and fight the pagans all together as they fight you all together. But know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves.” (9:36)
The other aspect which determines the importance of Muharram is given greater privilege is the fasting in this month. In one of hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram.” (Muslim)
It is said that any month apart from Ramadan by fasting, which is expected to increase bounties is Muharram. However, there is contradiction on the matter and people belonging from Ahle-Tasheeh sectarian believe otherwise.
Misconceptions About Muharram
With all the blessings and special events, there are some misconceptions about the month that need to be cleared for a proper understanding of the month. These misconceptions are as follows:
- This is the day in which Ibrahim was born.
- This is the day in which Allah accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Ibrahim.
- Whoever takes bath in the day of Ashurah will never get ill.
- Some people take it as Sunnah to prepare a particular type of meal in the day of Ashurah. This practice, too, has no basis in the authentic Islamic sources.
- Another misconception about the month of Muharram is that it is an evil or unlucky month, for Sayyidna Husain was killed in it. It is for this misconception that people avoid holding marriage ceremonies in the month of Muharram.
All these and other similar whims and fancies are totally baseless and the traditions referred to in this respect are not worthy of any credit.
Karbala and Imam Hussain (a.s) Martyrdom!
The most significant event of this month is the tragic event in the History of Islam as well as Mankind! It was during this month that Prophet Muhammad’s grandson Hussain Ibn Ali, along with his close friends and family were brutally murdered at the hands of an illegitimate caliph, Yazid. That is why Muslims begin their new year with mourning to show respect to the household of the last Prophet Muhammad (Saww).
Islamic History is rich with so many events, lessons and happenings that one or two articles are not enough to cover up the entire purpose. We try to educate our users and readers with the authentic knowledge and history for a better connection with their religion.
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